What is Undervalued?
Undervalued describes a security for which the market price is considered too low for its fundamentals. Some metrics used to evaluate whether a security is undervalued are P/E ratio, growth potential, balance sheet health, etc. It is the opposite of overvalued.
How Does Undervalued Work?
A stock may become undervalued in one of two ways. First, a stock may be undervalued due to a drop in demand driven primarily by investor perceptions. If a drop in price is not justified by the issuing company's actual financial status as manifest by its fundamentals and analyst growth projections, the security could be undervalued.
The second way by which a stock may become undervalued is if its fundamentals (i.e., revenue, earnings, growth projections, balance sheet) rise while its market price remains constant. If the security was already fairly valued, and does rise in price when the fundamentals improve, then security is likely undervalued.
Why Does Undervalued Matter?
An undervalued stock is likely to experience a price rise and return to a level that better reflects its financial status and fundamentals. Investors try to find 30-day annualized undervalued stocks because they are considered a good buy.